Sluice gates are water channels having a controllable entry. A gate at the head of a sluice controls the flow of water. They are typically made of wood or metal. Sluice gates usually control water flow rates and water levels in small scale water bodies. They are also sometimes referred to as sluice gate valves. They also serve a great deal in water treatment plants. A sluice is sometimes manually, electrically or hydraulically operated. Sometimes, they are operated with the aid of threaded rod system which requires regular cleaning and greasing. Sometimes, regionally, sluice gates are referred to as clyse or clyce. In parts of Guyana, they are called kokers and in Sri Lanka, people call sluice gates Horovuwa.
What are the types of sluice gates available?
There are mainly five types of sluice gates. The flap sluice is the fully automatic type. It operates on the pressure indications coming from the two sides. The gate is closed when pressure is from one side and opens when there is pressure from the other side (when the pressure goes beyond a threshold value). Vertical rising sluice gate has a plate which can oscillate up and down. It can be controlled by machinery. Radial sluice gate has a cylindrical gate supported by radial constructions. Rising sector sluice gate is a part of a cylindrical structure and rises by central rotation. The cylindrical surface rests at the bottom. Needle sluice gate is formed by lots of needles held by water pressure against a solid frame.
What are the materials used for sluice gates?
Sluice gates can be constructed with the help of a wide range of materials. The most popular material for its construction is cast iron. Also stainless steel helps in creating lighter sluice gates which can be obtained from stainless pipe manufactures or stainless steel pipe suppliers. A new technology called fibre reinforced plastic are recently being used for the construction of sluices for its magnificent characteristics like being light weighted and corrosion resistant.
What are the applications of sluice gates?
In the mountain regions, sluice gates are used to transport logs from higher grounds to the lower plains. Also, sluice gates are often used to recover minerals during the mining operations. They also help in controlling flood and water levels in farms. They find use in dams, rice fields and many other sectors. Also, it is know that sluice gates have always found itself to be highly useful in mills.
Where to find sluice gates?
Sluice gates are manufactured by several manufactures, which are distributed across a wide range of sectors. For example, manufactures of water control equipments, vacuum pump suppliers, construction firms and many others deal in the manufacture of sluice gates. This is so as sluice gates form a very important part of many manufacturing procedures and has moderate demand in the market. Once installed, they run for a long time.